Family planning is the key to a happy and fulfilling life as it allows couples to determine a favorable time to have children. However, unplanned pregnancy can prove to be a stressful situation, especially for a woman who is not prepared for it psychologically as well as physically.

In order to prevent unplanned pregnancy, birth control or contraceptive methods play a significant role. These methods of contraception involve the usage of various devices and treatments, ranging from drugs to sexual practices and surgeries that can help prevent pregnancy.

How do contraceptives work?

Usually, contraception methods work in the following ways:

• Stopping sperms from reaching an egg

• Restricting a fertilized egg from embedding in the womb

• Restricting an egg from being released from the ovary

Different methods of contraception

While there are different methods of contraception, not all are suitable for all circumstances. As per the best gynecologists in Delhi, the right method of contraception depends on an individual’s age, overall well-being, number of sexual partners, frequency of sex, family history of diseases, and wish to have children in the future.

Here are some of the common contraceptive methods that can prevent pregnancy:

1. Hormonal contraceptives

Hormonal contraceptives such as oral contraceptive pills use hormones to regulate ovulation and prevent pregnancy. There are generally two types of contraceptive pills: combined oral contraceptives (COCs) and progestin-only pills (POPs). The COCs comprise of estrogen and progesterone whereas POPs contain progesterone only. Moreover, there are injectable contraceptives that release both estrogen and progesterone in order to prevent pregnancy.

2. Hormonal implants

This method of contraception uses flexible and implanted rods that release progesterone and block the sperm from reaching an egg. These rods are implanted under the upper arm and remain there for 3 to 7 years depending upon the condition.

3. Intrauterine devices (IUDs)

Intrauterine devices are long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) that involve the insertion of a flexible T-shaped device into the uterus. The copper-bearing IUD is effective in suppressing the growth of the lining of the uterus and lasts for 5 years.

4. Barrier methods

Barrier methods such as condoms not only prevent sperms from entering the uterus but also protect against HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

5. Fertility awareness methods

Fertility awareness involves learning the signs of fertility while avoiding sex during the menstrual cycle. According to the gynecologists in Delhi, this method can help you track 3 changes that occur in your body, including fluids from your cervix, length of your menstrual cycle, and your body temperature.

If a birth control method is not used properly, you can become pregnant within one year. Therefore, it is extremely important to visit the best abortion clinic in Delhi wherein world-class gynecologists not only suggest the most suitable method of contraception but also handle cases of unplanned pregnancy with utmost sensitivity and confidentiality.

Kashmera Hazra

Kashmera Hazra

Kashmera Hazra is an engineer turned writer. She is an alumnus of the prestigious university Birla institute of technology, Mesra, and has several international journals and research papers in her name. She worked as a content writer with HealthKart and has over six years of experience in this field.

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