Back to Treatments
Home Treatments What Is Ovarian Cyst?

What Is Ovarian Cyst?

An ovarian cyst typically consists of a fluid-filled sac that forms on or within an ovary. It's a common condition and can vary in shape and size. While many cysts are asymptomatic and resolve on their own, larger ones might lead to pain, discomfort, and other issues. 

Ovarian cysts encompass diverse varieties such as follicular, endometriomas, dermoids, cystadenomas, and functional cysts, each arising from distinct mechanisms and needs different interventions.

They can arise from factors like follicle malfunction, endometriosis, or abnormal cell growth. The ovarian cyst treatment depends on size, type, and symptoms, ranging from watchful waiting to medication or surgical removal. 

Queen's Gynecology offers specialized care for ovarian cysts, ensuring tailored treatments to alleviate symptoms and promote women's gynecological health.

What Are The Main Causes Of Ovarian Cysts?

Ovarian cysts within or on the ovaries can develop due to a range of factors, including:

Follicular Imbalance

When the follicle (the sac that holds the developing egg) doesn't rupture to discharge the egg, it can fill with liquid, forming a follicular cyst.

Hormonal Imbalances

Changes in hormone levels, particularly an excess of estrogen or progesterone, can contribute to the formation of cysts.


In endometriosis, tissue identical to the lining of the uterus develops beyond the uterus and can attach to the ovaries, leading to cyst formation.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Women with PCOS often have multiple small cysts on their ovaries due to hormonal imbalances and irregular ovulation.

Abnormal Cell Reproduction

Atypical cell growth can result in cysts such as dermoid and cystadenomas containing diverse tissues like hair or mucus.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Severe infections in the pelvic region can spread to the ovaries, leading to cyst formation.

Understanding these various causes of ovarian cysts is essential in ensuring timely diagnosis, treatment, and management. Regular gynecological check-ups can help detect and manage cysts appropriately.

Also Read: What Size of Ovarian Cyst is Dangerous? Complete Guide

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of An Ovarian Cyst?

The symptoms and signs of an ovarian cyst can differ, but common indicators include:

Pelvic Pain or Discomfort

Ovarian cysts can cause dull or sharp pain in the lower abdomen or pelvic region. 

Bloating or a Feeling of Fullness in the Abdomen

Larger cysts can exert pressure on nearby organs, leading to abdominal bloating or a sensation of fullness. 

Changes in Menstrual Patterns

Ovarian cysts, especially those related to hormonal imbalances, can affect your menstrual cycle. 

Frequent Urination

A cyst's pressure on the bladder can cause an inflated impulse to urinate more often than expected. 

Difficulty Emptying the Bladder or Bowels

Bigger cysts can put a strain on the bladder and rectum, leading to difficulty in fully emptying the bladder or bowels. 

Pain During Intercourse

Cysts can induce discomfort or pain during sexual intercourse, known as dyspareunia. 

Lower Back Pain

Some ovarian cysts, especially those that have grown large or are causing inflammation, can radiate pain to the lower back. 

Nausea or Vomiting

In certain cases, particularly when a cyst causes torsion (twisting) of the ovary or becomes large enough to cause significant pressure, you might experience nausea or vomiting.


Ovarian cysts can sometimes cause hormonal imbalances that lead to fatigue or a general feeling of tiredness.

Tenderness in the Breasts

Hormonal fluctuations caused by ovarian cysts might result in breast tenderness or soreness.

Recognizing these signs and symptoms is essential for seeking timely medical attention. If you experience persistent or severe symptoms, visit Queen’s Gynecology for proper evaluation, diagnosis, and appropriate management of ovarian cysts.

Also Read: 7 Signs Your Ovarian Cyst May Have Ruptured

How Is Ovarian Cyst Diagnosed?

Ovarian cysts are generally diagnosed via a mix of medical history review, physical examination, and diagnostic tests. The process involves the following steps:

1. Medical History

At Queen’s Gynecology, our specialist will ask about your ovarian cystsymptoms, menstrual cycle, and any relevant medical history.

2. Physical Examination

A pelvic exam is often performed to assess the size, shape, and location of your ovaries. We will perform a biological exam to feel for any abnormalities or tenderness in the pelvic area.

3. Imaging Tests

Various imaging techniques can provide detailed views of the ovaries to help confirm the presence of ovarian cysts and determine their characteristics. These tests include:

  • Ultrasound:This is a common imaging method that utilizes sound waves to produce illustrations of the ovaries. It can help visualize the size, location, and type of cyst.
  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging):MRI can offer more detailed images and help differentiate between benign and potentially cancerous cysts.
  • CT (Computed Tomography) Scan:This type of imaging provides cross-sectional images that can aid in identifying the cyst's characteristics and location.

4. Blood Tests

We also use blood tests, such as CA-125, to measure the levels of certain proteins that can be elevated in cases of ovarian cysts, especially if there's suspicion of malignancy. 

5. Laparoscopy (In Some Cases)

If imaging results are inconclusive or there's a need for further evaluation, a laparoscopy might be performed. This minimally intrusive surgical process involves inserting a slim, lighted instrument called a laparoscope through a small incision in the abdomen to directly visualize the ovaries and surrounding structures.

Once a diagnosis is confirmed, we’ll discuss the proper treatment method based on characteristics such as the type, size, and symptoms associated with the ovarian cyst. 

What Are The Treatments For Ovarian Cyst In Gurgaon?

At Queen’s Gynecology, we offer both conservative as well as advanced treatment choices for ovarian cysts. Depending on the kind of cyst, its size, symptoms, and complications, we may use any of the following treatment options:

  • Watchful Waiting (Conservative Management)

For functional cysts, we emphasize careful monitoring through regular check-ups and imaging. We ensure that the cyst isn't causing complications and is resolving naturally.

  • Medical Management

Our approach involves hormonal therapies, such as birth control pills or hormone-regulating medications. These aid in balancing hormones, preventing new cysts, and effectively managing associated symptoms.

  • Ultrasound Aspiration of Cyst

When cysts are fluid-filled, we offer ultrasound-guided aspiration. By safely draining the fluid with a needle, we provide prompt relief from pain and pressure while keeping in mind the possibility of cyst recurrence.

  • Laparoscopic Ovarian Cyst Surgery

Through minimally invasive laparoscopic ovarian cyst surgery in Gurgaon, our skilled team uses small incisions to remove or excise cysts while preserving ovarian health. This technique promotes faster recovery compared to traditional open surgery.

  • Laser Cyst Removal Treatment

Utilizing advanced laser technology during laparoscopic procedures, we precisely target and remove cyst tissues. This method is particularly effective for specific cyst types and minimizes damage to surrounding tissues.

  • Follow-Up Care

Regardless of the treatment option chosen, we provide regular follow-up care. These visits help ensure that the cyst is resolved, monitor any new developments, and prevent recurrence.

Queens Gynecology For Ovarian cyst treatment In Gurgaon

Queen's Gynecology is a distinguished healthcare center specializing in advanced treatment for ovarian cysts in Gurgaon. Our expert team provides compassionate, personalized care to address a wide range of ovarian health concerns.

  • Expertise

Our skilled gynecologists possess extensive experience in diagnosing and treating ovarian cysts, ensuring the highest level of medical care.

  • Tailored Approach

We understand that each patient is unique. Our personalized treatment programs are devised to address personal needs, taking into account cyst type, size, and associated symptoms.

  • Advanced Techniques

With access to cutting-edge technologies, including minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery and laser cyst removal, we offer modern and effective treatment options.

  • Comprehensive Care

Queen's Gynecology provides a holistic approach to ovarian health. We deliver a spectrum of services, from diagnosis to post-treatment follow-up, ensuring continuous support throughout your journey.

Also Read: Medical treatment of ovarian cyst with surgery

  • Patient-Centric Care

Your well-being is our priority. We construct a supportive atmosphere where you can candidly discuss your concerns and actively participate in treatment decisions.

  • Proven Results

Our track record of successful ovarian cyst treatment cases speaks to our commitment to delivering positive outcomes and improving patients' quality of life.

  • Convenient Location

Located in Gurgaon, our accessible facility ensures ease of access for patients seeking specialized ovarian cyst treatment.

Book Your Appointment Now

If you're experiencing discomfort due to ovarian cyst symptoms in Gurgaon, don't delay. Schedule your appointment today with Queen's Gynecology. Early intervention is key for effective treatment and avoiding complications.

Our experienced team at Queen's Gynecology is dedicated to providing personalized care and guiding you toward optimal reproductive health. Take the first step towards health by booking your appointment now.

Book an Appointment