An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled pouch that develops on or inside ovaries, the female reproductive organs. Ovarian cysts can develop in one or both ovaries in single or cluster form. They vary in size and type. Most of them are non-cancerous, but in rare cases, these can be malignant.
Among teens and adolescents, it is a very common problem these days. When the cyst becomes very large and heavy, it can make the ovary twisted and can damage it badly. This rare complication is called ovarian torsion.
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In this Article
Ovarian Cyst Symptoms in Adolescent and Teens
Ovarian cysts which are smaller in size may go away on their own often cause negligible symptoms. If the cyst is larger in size may be serious, and it may cause symptoms such as,
- Acute pain in the lower abdomen during the menstrual cycle
- Irregular periods
- Constant pain in the Pelvic area
- Swelling or a sense of fullness in the lower abdomen area
- A feeling of frequent urination because of the abnormal pressure on internal organs and bladder
Severe symptoms of ovarian torsion include:
- Acute pelvic pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Sometimes unconsciousness
Management of ovarian cyst in adolescent
Most ovarian cysts in unmarried girls are not so complicated. There are no standardized protocols and control. So, most patients should follow the doctor’s guidance based on the preferences and severity of the problem.
Some measures of investigation are Ultrasound of the lower abdomen to analyze the size and location of the cyst, blood test to know the hormonal level etc. An asymptomatic cyst with a size less than 5-7cm needs an annual Pelvic ultrasound test, guided by an experienced Ovarian Cyst Consultant in Delhi to review and follow up the condition. If it increases in size, it may require surgical management. In that case, patients are referred to visit the best clinic for ovarian cysts in Delhi for further investigation and associated treatment.
Removal Surgery of ovarian cyst
To treat an ovarian cyst before puberty, ovarian cyst consultants analyze the issue very carefully to know whether it can be treated or controlled with medications. Any surgery on teens should be performed by an expert gynecologist with laparoscopic surgical skills. In puberty, laparotomy is needless according to cyst specialists. To reduce post-operational pain, length of hospital stay, and other complications, laparoscopy is a better option for teens to remove cysts.
Whatever the treatment is, the doctor takes all attempts to save the ovary from further damage. In children, it is significant to maintain the abundance of estrogen for pubertal development and future fertility.
Laparoscopic cystectomy is a treatment for dermoid cysts to protect ovarian functions. It is a minimally invasive procedure to identify and remove cysts and masses from the ovary. Sometimes, when cysts need more close examination and a girl has more harsh symptoms, laparoscopic cystectomy is an effective treatment option to bring results.
In ovarian torsion, an Ovarian Cyst Consultant with the relevant expertise should effort hard to save the ovaries even when they appear black. Laparoscopic surgery has become a well-accepted procedure in gynecology. During an ovarian cyst removal surgery in teens and adolescents, doctors stay very careful to prevent further complications.
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Cyst and its impact on fertility and Pregnancy
Ovarian cysts rarely disturb in pregnancy. Sometimes, when these are caused by endometriosis, a woman might have problems getting pregnant. Endometriosis is a state when cells from the uterus lining grow on the external area of the uterus. If this growth blocks the fallopian tubes, it causes cysts. While it’s still possible to get pregnant, endometriosis increases the risks of infertility. Research shows that 50% of women with this condition become pregnant. To lower the risks of endometriosis, one should exercise regularly, lower your alcohol consumption avoid or reduce the caffeine intake.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
When clusters of small cysts grow on ovaries, this condition is called polycystic ovary syndrome. It can be a leading cause of infertility in women. Ovulation may not occur regularly because of this condition. To make the periodical cycle regular, it requires the right amount of progesterone hormone. In this state, the release of progesterone hormone may reduce, which causes infertility.
Myths about Ovarian Cyst
Ovarian cysts before puberty are common today. If your child has some symptoms, don’t panic. In that case, talk to an expert gynecologist for ovarian cyst treatment. Most cysts disappear on their own. Occasionally, they can cause conditions like discomfort, ovarian cyst pain, bloating, and being large. Some myths about ovarian cysts are:
- All ovarian cysts cause infertility
- Ovarian cyst removal surgery is always required for treatment
- Ovarian cysts are cancerous always
- In case of surgical removal, it needs an open surgery
- Ovarian cysts cause severe abdominal pain
- Contraceptive pills are not a treatment option
If your adolescent has symptoms of ovarian cysts, consult the best Ovarian Cyst Consultant in Delhi. Queen’s Gynecology is the best clinic for ovarian cysts in Delhi, where you get advanced and relevant treatment to control and treat the condition and other female issues. For details and appointments, Call – +91 9654999888 or Email [email protected]