भारतीय महिलाओं में मीनोपॉज

A woman experiences a lot of hardships throughout her life. Her body and reproductive system change in every phase of life, from getting her menstrual cycle, becoming pregnant, giving birth to a child to the harsh symptoms of menopause. The menopausal period is the last phase of suffering that affects a woman’s life.

What is Menopause?

It is a Greek term where ‘meno’ means month and pause means to stop. It occurs when the menstrual cycle of women stops. The age of menopause can vary from person to person, but usually, it comes in the late 40 or early 50. In this period, the ovaries stop producing estrogen and progesterone, and it prevents them from having a baby. Many women have misconceptions, and they go through several psychological distresses during the time. But once the menstruation ends permanently, a woman can back to her normal life. Having menopause does not mean you have lost everything, but you can have a happy and healthy life ahead even after menopause.

What is Perimenopause?

It is the time before you experience menopause. In this period, your body goes through several changes because of hormonal imbalances. During this time, women have different symptoms including irregular periods, heavy bleeding, and more. Ovaries decline producing hormones and the levels of estrogen and progesterone are decreased. People make mistakes and they think this transition phase the menopausal period but, this is the perimenopausal time when women experience these symptoms. When the menstrual cycle stops permanently, it is menopause. After menopause, you can return to regular life with no symptoms.

What Is Menopause Age In India?

Menopause age varies globally, typically occurring between 45 to 55 years. In India, the average menopause age is around 46 to 51 years. Factors like genetics, lifestyle, and health influence this transition. Menopause marks the end of menstrual cycles due to hormonal shifts, leading to symptoms like hot flashes, mood changes, and decreased bone density. While the age range is consistent, individual experiences differ, and seeking medical guidance can help manage symptoms and ensure a smooth transition into this new phase of life.

Menopausal Symptoms

Women have different symptoms during the pre-menopausal period. It varies from person to person. These troubles may affect their physical and mental health. According to the best gynecologist in Delhi, every woman needs to know the very common symptoms of this phenomenon. Often women may suffer more than a year with these discomforts.

Some common menopausal symptoms include:

  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • Mood swings including depression and anxiety
  • Trouble sleeping and often night sweats
  • Hot flashes
  • Weight gain
  • Dry and dull skin, hair loss, fragile nails, dry eyes and mouth
  • Genitourinary syndrome of menopause including genital dryness, irritation, sexual dysfunction, and urinary problems
  • Some may experience a drop in libido
  • Memory and cognitive issues
  • Bone loss, osteoporosis, and others

These are some common symptoms, but women may experience serious symptoms during the time as per the menopause expert in Delhi. Modern medicines may give relief from some symptoms but most women have to face a lot of difficulties in this phenomenal period.

Early Menopause

Sometimes, menopause comes early, even at early 40. Some reasons for early menopause include:

  • Removal of ovaries
  • Ovarian failure for chemotherapy
  • Genetic reasons
  • Endocrine disorders including overproduction of growth hormone, hypothyroidism, diabetes mellitus, and more
  • Certain medical conditions like autoimmune diseases, thyroid issues, smoking, obesity bring a higher risk of early menopause

Medication and alternative therapies for menopausal symptoms

When a woman does not menstruate for more than a year, she is diagnosed with menopause. It does not require any test, as this phase is natural at midlife. For menopause management and to combat harsh troubles during the time, enhance overall health and fitness. Here are some wellness tips:

  • A healthy diet, rich in calcium, iron, dietary fiber, and other nutrition
  • Regular exercising
  • Yoga
  • Mindful meditation
  • Being socialized and more to keep you happy and fit

To know more about menopause, consult a top menopause expert in Delhi. For details, visit Queen’s Gynecology

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